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u.s. plays the india card

by:Newland     2019-11-05
As the Bush administration changes US security and foreign policy
There is growing evidence that the Pentagon is preparing a new Cold War, and China is a new enemy.
This is most evident in the United States. S.
Relations with IndiaThe trend --
Starting with President Clinton. -
Ending a decade of virtual neutrality in the ongoing conflict between India and Pakistan.
The new strategy is to rely on India to help contain China.
After a military coup in Pakistan in 1999, it was certainly easier for the United States to take a stand.
India has been a democratic country since 1947. S.
Pakistan\'s allies
However, during the Cold War, India often stood on the side of the Soviet Union at the United Nations and bought the Soviet Union-bloc weapons.
A series of military rulers in Pakistan have provided strong support to the United States. S.
Allies during the Cold WarThe U-
Francis Gary Bowles\'s two spy planes were shot down over the Soviet Union on 1960, taking off from the Pakistani airport.
When President Nixon and Kissinger visited Mao Zedong in 1972, Pakistan paved the way for it.
When the United States provided $0. 5 billion a year in weapons and supplies, including Stinger missiles, to help Afghan jihadist guerrillas defeat Russian troops in their 1980 s, the rebels were stationed in Pakistan.
But over the past decade, India has opened up foreign trade and investment, moving from a centrally planned economy to a market economy, and has launched a large software industry controlled by English.
Graduates of first-class public technical universities.
Some worry that because Democrats traditionally tend to India and Republicans tend to Pakistan, George W.
Bush will end India\'s tilt.
But so far, the Bush team has continued to supportIndia policy.
Clearly, at the heart of this decision is the common fear of China.
India is angry that China has provided Pakistan with ring magnets and other high-tech equipment for the manufacture of nuclear weapons and missiles.
According to recent intelligence leaks, the spread continues.
On 1998, the Hindu nationalist party led by Indian Prime Minister Hindu Bihari Vajpayee came to power and quickly detonated five nuclear bombs. Indian Defense
Now, according to State Department and foreign sourcesS. -
India\'s military cooperation is increasing, and Bush\'s foreign policy team is trying to find a way to lift the mandatory sanctions imposed on India for nuclear explosions.
India seeks advanced weapons and joint military training with the United States.
But India is still a tricky potential ally.
For half a century, it has been accustomed to becoming a big boy on the block, ruling South Asian neighbors with a usually heavy hand.
The United States must ensure that India will not use its new relationship to bully its neighbors further.
The United States will not find India a compliant ally like Britain or even France.
Stephen Cohen of the Brookings Institution, a former State Department expert in Asia, said nuclear proliferation was a major obstacle to improving the U. S. economyS. -India relations.
Nuclear explosions have broken the nuclear monopoly of the five permanent members of the United States. N.
And forced the United States to act.
At that time, Deputy Secretary of State Strobe Talbott had a series of discussions with his Indian counterparts, but failed to push the nuclear elves back into the bottle as Americans wanted.
But it reminds Americans at least of the depth of India.
Confidence and patience.
\"India used to be a little less-than-great-
\"Trying to behave like a great power,\" Cohen wrote in his new book, \"emerging power India . \".
He believes a new generation of Indian officials is getting rid of \"intimidation\" that will improve relations with the United States.
\"India is not a big country. . .
However, in a transformed international order, its assets and resources are more relevant to the broad interests of the United States than in the past 50 years.
\"In the future, they cannot be safely ignored as they were in the past,\" he wrote . \".
S. Leaders seem to agree and continue to show good to India.
On July 30, US Secretary of State Colin Powell and Defense Secretary John Lombard attended the talks in Australia. S.
Japan, South Korea and Australia form new alliances.
Powell was careful not to say who the alliance was aiming. -
China is the only credible candidate for threats.
Powell did not mention the other Asian forces needed to complete the arc of containing Chinese forces and protecting American allies ---India. A likely U. S. -
Many military planners say China\'s conflict may start in the South China Sea, which China claims is China\'s territorial sea, but Taiwan, Vietnam and the Philippines also claim partial sovereignty over the South China Sea, Malaysia and Brunei.
The United States sees the South China Sea as an international water through which most of Japan\'s oil supplies in the Middle East pass.
China has clashed with Vietnam and the Philippines over the disputed Spratly Islands since 1988, and China has briefly detained an American citizen. S.
On April, air crews and surveillance planes collided with a Chinese chase aircraft in disputed waters.
India and Japan recently held blue-
Naval exercises held in the South China Sea and the Indian Ocean are ostensibly designed to search for or combat piracy.
Meanwhile, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
Henry Shelton recently visited New Delhi. S. -
Military relations in India
President Clinton also made the firstS.
In March 2000, the president visited India and won Parliament, which is usually skeptical.
Clinton spent several hours in Pakistan calling for a return to democracy.
Even if the United States is only aware of the potential power of India, India began to build nuclear weapons in 1998 and is building its own missiles for a long time, china has been wary of its natural rival, which dominates Asia.
The two fought a fierce border war in 1962. China basically won the war and occupied a large area of land.
Until recently, it continued to claim more Indian land and even refused to agree on the Line of Actual Control.
But India was just a few decades ago. -
People may say for centuries. -
Stagnation and isolation.
When it tried to stick its head out of the Indian Ocean to become a world power, it was dragged down by its death --
Fight against neighboring Pakistan
India is expected to overtake China around 2020 as the world\'s most populous country, but still trapped by guerrilla warfare in Kashmir ---
Neighbors of India and the United States. S.
Analysts soon noticed that China has been able to develop atomic bombs and missiles through China\'s vigorous development.
India\'s political influence is growing.
More than 100 members of Congress have joined the second-most powerful ethnic group.
US caucus on the Hill
\"We are not organized as well as AIPAC [the America-
Committee on Public Affairs of Israel
A congressional source linked to the Indian lobby said.
But when Pakistan invaded Cargill in 1999,
S. Lobbying groups have been impassioned to call for intervention in the United States, \"flooding the congressional office \".
This leads to the first, clearcut U. S.
Tilt 50 years from Pakistan to India.
Pakistan has also been accused of supporting the radical Muslim fundamentalist Taliban movement, which has emerged in Pakistan\'s Islamic schools or religious schools, occupying 90% of Afghanistan\'s land and shelters accusing terrorists Osama.
As a result, Pakistan is increasingly seen as a crossroads of terrorism, where militants travel to Kashmir or Afghanistan, where training camps prepare Muslim fighters from all over the world to fight in Chechnya, Philippines, Uzbekistan, kashmir, as well as building bombings in the United States.
Pakistani journalists recently told me that they were shocked by the negative reports from American newspapers about Pakistan.
But after they linked their grievances to the government-
\"Corruption, military rule, lack of transparency, intimidation of the media, Mao LA\'s power, feudal control of the economy \"---
We all agree that they are stronger against their country than the US media.
Only they can\'t write in the newspaper.
But even if the United States has abandoned Pakistan\'s instability, corruption and radicalism in recent years, it needs to part ways with Pakistan before the United States completely makes India an Asian ally.
\"Leaning towards India should happen at the end of the Cold War, but many of the old habits of both sides have prevented close accommodation and Pakistanis are able to get the U. S.
\"Still treat the two countries with equality,\" said James Clad, a former Far East Economic Review reporter in New Delhi and current professor of Asian studies at Georgetown University.
\"Pakistan is loyal in the Cold War and loyalty issues.
But when it comes to India and Pakistan, there is no chance.
The strength and opportunity of India have now become apparent.
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