5 Montgomery Countyyear- The old attempt to use professional academic programs as a \"magnet\" to attract minority students to high school failed, according to county educators and school system assessments. In 1976, seven primary schools gathered together to form a cluster of Tacoma Park and provide magnet courses. Now the average number of minority registrations is 54%, twice the average 24% in the county. Today, the distribution of ethnic minorities in seven schools is more uneven than before the cluster was formed, ranging from 25% of the four corners to 81% of the Rolling Terrace- The spread of 56%. This spread was 38% before the cluster. The number of students enrolled in the two schools exceeded 60%, which violated the county\'s racial balance guidelines. Only one- Third, the planners say that in order to significantly change the ethnic composition, the number of students who need to be transferred has entered the group. The shortcomings of the county\'s only magnet program aimed at eliminating school apartheid are of special significance this year, as school board members and parents have considered the advice of director Edward Andrews, blair High School will be a special Performing Arts. With 59% minority students, Blair is the largest black student group in the county\'s high school, and the main purpose of the performing arts course is to attract white students. Critics doubt whether Blair\'s performing arts magnet will succeed, and they predict the history of the cluster. Instead of being a role model for the abolition of apartheid, they charge fees, and the cluster has become a bucket of schools for black, Hispanic and Asian children to attend in large numbers. In particular, critics point out that recent board actions indicate that the school board has no interest in removing apartheid from takma park cluster schools or Blair. School closures and border changes are expected this year to bring more minority students into seven schools and send white students to schools outside the cluster. As a result of the board\'s actions, up to four of the seven cluster schools will have 60% or more ethnic minorities enrolled, according to testimony submitted last week to the state hearing examiner about Montgomery\'s parents\' appeal against the closing decision. The four corners with the lowest minority enrollment in the cluster will be closed at the end of this school year. Montgomery knors two schools are expected to have a population of 62% ethnic minorities next year, and Pine CREZ expects 55% ethnic minority students to join the cluster in September next year \"In terms of de-apartheid, the entire cluster has lost its purpose,\" said Connie Gordon, a former teacher at both schools and one of the main planners of the cluster. \"It seems that all efforts have been made to increase the proportion of ethnic minorities enrolled, rather than reducing the proportion. \"For three years, it\'s clear that something is completely wrong, but instead of doing anything to change it, we do something that makes things worse. \"The reasons why Gordon and others cited the failure of the Tacoma Park group include: putting too many black high-registered schools in the cluster. Of the seven schools, four attended more than 36% ethnic minorities in 1976. This year\'s border changes will increase the number of ethnic minorities entering the cluster. In one case, the board voted to close Brookview Primary School and reassign some of the students living in the New Hampshire manor area to the cluster school Piney Branch Primary School. According to last week\'s testimony, 90% of Brookview students assigned to Piney are ethnic minorities. Piney Primary School have 57% of minority students entrance. Educational programs designed to attract students are not uncommon, and in some cases more than one cluster school offers such educational programs. The school program is not well arranged. A Spanish double culture program has been arranged on the Rolling Terrace where there are already a large number of Hispanic students. An unexpected increase in the population of ethnic minorities in cluster communities. Principal Edward. Andrews said, \"it is clear that the magnet project is not the main factor in improving racial balance, but I don\'t know what it is ( Entrance of ethnic minorities) If there is no cluster. The numbers (of minorities) The number of people entering Takoma Park has soared. Steven Frankel, director of the school education accountability department, agreed with Andrews. \"No one claims that the cluster has made any significant improvements due to the actions of the board,\" Frankel said . \". \"What we are saying is that the board\'s actions did not cause any damage. In particular, Frankel said that without this cluster, the school system expects that minority enrollment in these seven schools will increase by 4%. With this cluster, growth will still be 4%, Frankel said. Last year, a report prepared by the school system education accountability department for the board of directors explained the cluster\'s problems in more detail than Gordon. The seven- The report noted that school groupings were \"likely doomed\" from the beginning \". Of the schools included in the cluster, four already have minority enrollment, the highest in the county, exceeding the county\'s average of 20%-- The federal Office of Civil Rights defines de facto segregation. The report concludes that even if minority students are evenly distributed among seven schools, the average number of minority students enrolled in each school will be close to 50%. When the cluster was formed in 1976, there were more than 36% minority students in the Rolling Terrace, Tacoma Park, Oak landscape and Piney branches, compared with an average of 16% in the county. Only the number of ethnic minorities enrolled in the eastern Silver Spring, Highland landscape and Four Corners is less than 30%. \"For any cluster design that cancels apartheid, the minority composition of the cluster should be close to the entire school district,\" the assessment wrote . \". \". . . Even if the schools within the cluster are perfectly balanced on race due to the implementation of the magnet program, then all seven schools will not comply with the Emergency Student Assistance Act, the federal plan to help schools eliminate apartheid. Instead, the report suggests that the cluster should include some of the 12 neighbouring schools with lower minority enrolment in the region. This conclusion is particularly important for Blair\'s senior proposal. Critics of the performing arts program say that unless there is a huge change in the school\'s enrollment scope, including areas where more white students live, high school will move towards clusters --- On the Road to increased segregation. \"There is no magic in the magnet,\" said Roscoe Nix, head of the Montgomery County branch of the National Association of Colored People and former school board member who participated in the cluster project. \"The cluster suffered due to the wishes of the board. . . . In terms of Blair\'s ethnic integration, the magnet will not work because everyone who follows this committee knows that there is no commitment to make the necessary commitments (boundary) It works change. \"Director Andrews has proposed such a change, but earlier this year the board rejected the border transfer and when the issue was reviewed again on Tuesday, members were not expected to change their vote. According to the boundary change originally proposed by Andrews in November, Blair\'s minority enrollment will decline from 58. About 6% to 50%. Other issues mentioned in the Tacoma Park Cluster School include placement and selection of academic programs provided as magnets. John C. Larson, author of cluster assessment, said that some of tacma Park\'s magnets are \"not unique enough at their sites\" and that in some cases more than one cluster school offers such magnets. For example, while the main attraction of Piney Branch is the science program, there is also a special science teacher at Highland View. Both Tacoma Park Primary School and Rolling Terrace offer talented and talented projects. In the \"magnet\", there are French immersion courses in four corners, all of which are taught in French; Traditional closed classroom in Highland landscapeall- Oriental silver spring day kindergarten and open classroom; A science project and open classroom in Piney Branch. Only third grade students in East Silver Spring continue to attend classes at Piney. Critics of the cluster as a family-wide quarantine tool also said that keeping the French immersion project in Four Corners was in place when the cluster was formed, which did not change the status quo. Sifang principal Gabriel Jacobs believes that a better plan is to move the program to a school with a high number of black students enrolled, thus prompting many white students to follow the program. He said only 18 of the 184 students participating in the French program were black and 10 were other minorities.