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china, pakistan reach deal on n-power plant: report.

by:Newland     2019-11-23
WASHINGTON --
Last month, China and Pakistan reached a formal agreement to build a third nuclear reactor in Chashma. The Obama administration said it would violate Beijing\'s commitment to the international anti-nuclear operation.
Nuclear weapons agreement. According to U. S.
Intelligence and diplomatic officials said the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission\'s delegation signed the secret agreement on the No. 3 reactor during its visit to Beijing. 15 to 18.
The agreement calls for countries-
China National Nuclear Corporation
Build a 1,000-
The megawatt power plant in Chashma, north of Punjab province, where two early Chinese reactors were built.
Last month, the Chinese government issued an internal notice to its nuclear agency officials and regional political leaders urging them to be careful not to divulge any information about the Chinese government\'s expected controversial nuclear sale, officials told the freedom lighthouse in Washington anonymously.
The reactor deal has been going on for several years and has triggered highlevel U. S.
Worried that it would boost Pakistan\'s nuclear weapons program, the government is trying to stop the sale.
CNNC, China\'s leading nuclear-weapon producer, has been linked in the past by the United States and Pakistan\'s nuclear weapons program. S.
Intelligence agency
CNNC sold thousands of ring magnets to Pakistan, which used 1990 seconds in a centrifuge that produced weapons using highly enriched uranium.
In addition, the recent United StatesS.
According to intelligence reports, China, which provides Pakistan with nuclear weapons design data and technology, is modernizing Islamabad\'s nuclear arsenal. Islamabad is estimated to have as many as 110 warheads in its nuclear arsenal.
Arms cooperation is said to include the development of new bullet heads for Pakistan\'s growing missile arsenal and assistance in the recovery of spent fuel.
A Congressional Research Service report published in February.
Pakistan\'s nuclear arsenal could be about 90-
110 nuclear warheads, though they may be larger.
\"Islamabad is producing fission materials, adding relevant production facilities and deploying additional means of delivery,\" the CRS report said . \".
\"These measures can enable Pakistan to improve its nuclear arsenal in terms of quantity and quality.
The report warned that spent fuel at Karachi and Chashma nuclear power stations in Pakistan is vulnerable to theft or attack.
Pakistan created one of the most dangerous cases of nuclear proliferation in early 2000, when A group led by Pakistan\'s nuclear scientist A provided weapons technology to Iran and North Korea. Q. Khan.
The Obama administration has not publicly questioned bilateral cooperation in the nuclear field in the past to avoid escalation of bilateral relations. S.
Secret operations to combat Islamic terrorism in the region. The Beijing-
As the United States strives for China\'s support for sanctions on Iran\'s illegal nuclear program, Islamabad\'s nuclear cooperation has also been restricted.
The sale of new reactors will also undermine the Nuclear Suppliers Group, a voluntary association that does not have an enforcement mechanism and is considered a key tool for the government to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons.
In 2004, China joined the group and agreed not to sell additional reactors to Pakistan in addition to the two reactors previously sold.
According to the guidelines of the Nuclear Suppliers Group, China is not allowed to sell nuclear products to any country that does not belong to the International Atomic Energy Agency. Two U. S.
Officials confirmed that the Chashma reactor agreement was finally reached.
A spokesman for the Chinese and Pakistani embassies could not be reached for comment.
A State Department official declined to provide details of the sale, but said it would not be allowed to do so. S.
Understanding of China\'s accession to the nuclear group.
The understanding is that China will not sell more reactors to Pakistan\'s chashima nuclear power plant.
Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG)
\"The participating governments discussed China\'s expansion of nuclear cooperation with Pakistan in the past several NSG plenary meetings,\" the official said . \".
\"We are still concerned that the transfer of the achashma new reactor seems to be beyond the\" ancestral \"cooperation when China was approved to join the Nuclear Suppliers Group.
\"The government is expected to protest the sale at the nsg meeting in June.
Pakistan has nothing.
Until China can provide a third chashima reactor, the IAEA safeguards are in place. The 46-
NSG members were established in 1974.
Its stated mission is \"non-
Proliferation of Nuclear weapons through the implementation of nuclear export and nuclear-related export guidelines.
\"As part of the NSG membership, China has agreed to limit the future sale of reactors for Chashma 1 and Chashma 2 reactors to Pakistan.
China specifically instructed Pakistani officials not to disclose the latest reactor deal, the officials said.
Beijing is trying to avoid the negative propaganda expected by the agreement, which could disrupt the leadership transition held last week at the National People\'s Congress, the National People\'s Congress is a Communist official who formally appointed the top leader of the Communist Party to the post of government.
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